As it is often the case, nobody knows who was the first! In 1801, the English physician Thomas Young removed small lenses from his microscope, coated their edges with soft wax and placed them onto his own eyes. As a consequence, he became highly short-sighted by artificial means. He then calculated the power of missing refraction.
It must have been the merit of the Zurich ophthalmologist Fick, who tried to make spectacles with their glasses directly in contact with the ocular surface via a fluid layer for a rare corneal disease. He called this visual aid contact spectacles. All other developments at that time were made of glass! Shortly before the beginning of World War II, the American W. Feinbloom described the manufacture of the first polymer contact lenses.